The Most Common Pet Surgeries Your Four-legged Companion May Need

young veterinarian with dog before common pet surgeries

Understanding common injuries that pets may get is a key component of pet ownership. In order to keep your four-legged companion happy and healthy, it may need to undergo pet surgeries during its lifetime.

To ensure that your loved pet has the best quality of life possible, you must contact your veterinarians, who will assist you in understanding what procedure is required for a certain condition.

Mostly, surgeons do not advise vet procedures for routine injuries. They only recommend operations that are in the best interests of your pet.

However, it’s crucial that you comprehend the justification for the proposed veterinary surgeries to make the best decisions for your pet’s health.

Here, we’ll have an overview of the common pet procedures and learn when animals need them.

The Most Common Pet Surgeries

Although there are various minor and major veterinary surgeries that a pet may need in life, the most common of these vet procedures are as follows.

veterinarian taking care cat before vet procedures

• Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Surgery

Veterinary surgeons perform cruciate ligament surgery to repair dog knee fractures. This procedure alone represents a billion-dollar veterinary business annually.

While carrying out osteotomy (ACL), the surgeon has to cut very little of the weight-bearing portion of the tibia, known as the tibial plateau. The complete treatment is referred to as tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO).

Dogs can go back home on surgery day. Usually, for complete recovery, pets require about 12 to 16 weeks.

• Oncologic Surgery

Removing tumors from or inside the pet’s body requires oncologic surgery. Usually, this procedure includes removing tumors from the liver, parathyroid lungs, thyroid, skin, spleen, and other organs of the pet.

To perform oncologic surgery, the specialists plan the biopsy technique carefully to limit the spread of cancerous cells to healthy tissues. Doing so also enables surgeons to make the surgical excision of the tumor for removing biopsy scars or traces.

Coagulation tests should be considered when taking a biopsy from a circulatory organ, like the spleen.

In pets like cats and dogs, surgery for simple skin tumors can cost as little as $180 to $375. Contrarily, the budget for the removal of more complicated interior tumors ranges from $1,000 to $2,000.

The recovery time depends on the type of organs and the severity of the procedure.

• Perineal Urethrostomy Surgery

Feline lower urinary tract diseases (FLUTD) can be more common in male cats. Usually, the provision of balanced food is imperative to treat these conditions.

However, when the urinary blockage occurs repeatedly despite medicinal treatment, vet surgeons undertake Perineal Urethrostomy (PU) surgery.

To reduce the likelihood of a potentially fatal blockage, the urethra’s aperture is widened.

Cats must wear an E-collar for two to three weeks following surgery as the surgical site heals. However, to stop inflammation completely, surgeons suggest long-term care.

• GI (Gastrointestinal) Foreign Body Surgery

Sometimes, pets eat something indigestible and end up with foreign body accumulation. The objects eaten can be garbage, toys, or human food products, such as bones. The issues that result from engulfing foreign objects can be handled through GI (gastrointestinal) Foreign Body Surgery.

During this procedure, professionals often create an incision over the foreign body in the stomach or small intestines in order to remove it. However, removing the aberrant intestinal loop is vital if the gut seems sick or perforated.

Depending on their appetite and degree of comfort after surgery, pets with GI surgeries typically need to remain in the hospital for 1-2 days.

• Spay/Neuter Pet Surgeries

Spaying and neutering are the most common veterinary surgeries that cats and dogs need.

Ovariohysterectomy or “spay” involves removing a female dog or cat’s ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. The procedure prevents pets from reproducing and ends their heat cycle and behavior associated with the breeding impulse.

On the other hand, during orchiectomy or “neuter,” testicles are removed from a male dog or cat.

In the case of dogs, surgeons administer a reversible anesthetic dose so they recover rapidly. Usually, it takes them 10 to 20 minutes to get alert enough to move about. However, dogs need between 15 and 30 minutes to get their senses back. The longer spay/neuter procedures mostly have a little longer wake-up time.

Basically, spaying and neutering are expensive pet surgeries, but the results are more beneficial as the chances of reproductive complications are limited. . Being a responsible pet parent, it’s crucial to factor these expenses into your budget before adopting a cat or dog.

• Dental Extractions

A cat or dog’s dental health is closely related to its overall health. Infected teeth can transmit bacteria to the heart, liver, and other organs. Usually, the pets recover from the complication after the extraction of the bad tooth and cleansing of the region of infectious material.

The canine and feline dental extraction is one of the most frequent vet procedures. Periodontal disease, such as serious gum disease, is one of the main causes of a dog’s teeth extraction. Especially in elderly dogs, periodontal disease is fairly prevalent. So extraction of a pet’s teeth is essential.

Most dogs and cats need 48 to 72 hours to fully regain their appetite and behave actively. The incision site must heal completely, and the stitches must be absorbed before recovery is complete. Usually, it requires two weeks.

• Triple Pelvic Osteotomy (TPO)

Moderate- to large-breed dogs with early clinical hip dysplasia undergo triple pelvic osteotomy. The procedure’s objectives include reducing coxofemoral joint laxity, enhancing hip congruity, and restoring normal hip joint stresses.

The TPO entails making bone incisions in the pelvis so that the femoral head may move over the socket part of the joint. The elimination of Joint laxity assists in greater coverage of the hip joint’s ball section.

Factually, Triple Pelvic Osteotomy is feasible on puppies and dogs under the age of one year. Although it’s more normal for each treatment to have a gap of four to six, there’s a possibility of performing the surgery on both sides with a one-week gap. However, it is not wise to let your pet go under TPO if it is suffering from arthritis.

After such pet surgeries, dogs should stay at the hospital for at least two nights. In order to record the healing of the surgical site, X-Rays imaging at around six weeks and strict rest are necessary at home for a further six to eight weeks.

• Total Ear Canal Ablation (TECA)

Veterinary surgeons recommend Total Ear Canal Ablation in situations of persistent, end-stage otitis when the patient is no imperative effect of medical therapy.

In TECA, surgeons completely remove the pet’s ear canal and tympanic bulla, leaving just the ear flap behind. Although some general veterinarians can carry out this pet surgery, specialists usually perform the procedure.

After the surgery, the dog can get home with a drain still in place. Additionally, the nurses cover the surgical site with bandages. Get proper instructions from your veterinarian on how to remove and care for the bandages and drains properly.

Wrapping Up!

A responsible pet owner must be aware of the common pet surgeries. It becomes easier for the caregiver to handle an accidental injury or take further steps. Moreover, it’s very crucial to have complete knowledge of post-operative care and possible complications.

To get research-based guides on different veterinary surgeries and vet procedures, Vet and Tech is a reliable platform. Visit it now to improve your knowledge about the upkeep of your pets.


What are the most common pet surgeries?

Spaying and neutering are the most frequent vet procedures that cats and dogs need to prevent reproductive complications.

What is the reason for dental extraction in felines and canines?

Periodontal diseases, including gum diseases, are the major causes of tooth extraction in cats and dogs.

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